JOURNAL OF NEW CENTURY INNOVATIONS
Volume – 5_ Issue-4_May_2022
spectators. Hundreds of sports exist
, from those requiring only two participants,
through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants
, either in teams or
competing as individuals.
Sport is generally recognized as activities which are based in physical athleticism
or physical dexterity
, with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic
Games admitting only sports meeting this definition
, and other organizations such
as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without a physical
element from classification as sports.
Here are the basic national games and amusements in Uzbekistan.
Ulak-kupkari. Ulak-kupkari is one of the most ancient equestrian games popular
among the peoples of Central Asia. From the emotional aspect this highly
spectacular performance can be compared with the Spanish bullfighting.
Traditionally, ulak-kupkari is held at holidays
, weddings, in spring
, before the
opening of the farming season, and in autumn, after the harvest has been reaped. In
the course of time this game has grown into a popular sport with its own rules, clubs,
federations and competitions.
Kurash - wrestling. The Uzbek kurash is one of the most ancient types of
traditional wrestling in the world and, probably, the most popular amusement in
Uzbekistan. There is no holiday in Uzbekistan that goes without kurash. This sport
does not require a special ground or a gymnasium. In the former times people were
wrestling on the ground, sometimes covered with carpets. The rules are simple and
democratic. Kurash is acceptable to both the young and the old. Holidays often
feature wrestling with the participation of grey-bearded old men.
Sheep fighting. Since ancient times the sheep fighting has been an important part
of the Uzbek traditions. There has been no holiday that went without this spectacle.
The sheep fighting is an attractive and excitable performance. The spectators boom,
whistle and stamp their feet encouraging the contestants.
Cock fighting. Cock fighting is no less popular than sheep fighting, sometimes
being even more excitable. Cocks of a special breed
, specially trained for the