Ask students at introduction: Have you ever had a computer act strangely? Have you ever had a virus before?
Let students know it is okay to take phone calls, but ask them to put their phone on vibrate and answer calls outside the classroom.
Inform students that they can sit back and watch if the class is too advanced.
Inform students they can go to the bathroom, they don’t need permission.
Show order in which class will happen. Explain scope of class.
(20) Malware and how to beat it
Malware is the general term for malicious software.
General (lot. generalis - umumiy, bosh) - qurolli kuchlardagi harbiy unvon (daraja). Dastlab, 16-a.da Fransiyada joriy qilingan. Rossiyada 17-a.ning 2-yarmidan maʼlum. Oʻzbekiston qurolli kuchlarida G.
This can include things like viruses, worms, spyware, and hostage ware. The technical differences between them all aren’t that important to know, just how to stop them.
Antivirus software scans your computer for malware and monitors your system for activity associated with viruses.
It’s important to:
Update regularly – viruses are constantly evolving, so it’s important your antivirus has the latest info to protect you.
Scan your computer once a week (or more).
Most programs can be setup to automatically update and scan for you.
Some good free Anti-virus options include:
Teachers Tip: Make sure the class knows that they should disable pop-ups with their new AV software.
Downloading and installing Antivirus software
Today we’re going to download and install antivirus software so everyone can participate in the process. We’re going to download Avast because it has a free version and it is also highly rated.
Teachers Tip: Inevitably someone will ask why companies are making antivirus software available for free. Typically, the unpaid version will not contain all the features (like identity theft protection, etc.). Also, you may encounter advertisements in the product for the paid version as well. However, unless you are running a business and require technical support a free antivirus should work just fine.
Teachers Tip: Using Google encourages good searching skills, and in the off chance a student doesn’t spell the software correctly, they will still be directed to the correct website.
Click on “Go to Download”
Click on the “Download” button under the Avast! Free Antivirus heading.
Select “Download free antivirus” on pop-up screen
Teachers Tip: Most free antivirus software has a paid version as well, and the pop-up is asking if you’d like to pay for the more full featured version of Avast. For most people, free antivirus is perfectly fine.
You will be redirected to cnet.com (aka download.com)
Click on the green “download” button.
Your download should begin
Activity: Installing AVAST
Navigate to the downloads folder in “my documents”
Teachers Tip: It’s good general knowledge for people to know where their downloads go.
Double click on the “setup” file to install the software.
Click on “Run”
Click on “Regular Installation” (ignore the custom installation for now)
Teachers Tip: Try to watch out for (and ignore) any extra’s that come with software (like toolbars).
Click “next” on the following screen
Installation should begin
Click “done” once your installation is complete.
Avast will do a quick scan of your system automatically and requires no further input on your part. It is set by default to scan weekly (which is generally recommended). However, we are going to look at some of the settings and features to learn a little bit more about Avast.
Select the scan tab on the left hand side (this is the most important one for our needs).
Explain scan types:
Quick Scan: Scans most commonly infected files, and is much quicker than a full scan. Most of the time this will suffice.
Full System Scan: This will scan everything on your computer. It can take a while, but it is recommended that you do this occasionally.
Removable Media Scan and Select Folder to scan: Scans specified external device or Folder.
Boot Time Scan: If you have a nasty piece of malware that won’t allow your antivirus to run normally you can do a boot-time scan, which will run a scan before any other unnecessary software is loaded.
Select “Create Custom Scan” in lower right hand corner.
You have a lot of control over how scans are performed on your computer. Typically, it’s best to leave everything the way it is. However, you may want to adjust how often your antivirus scans your computer.
Select “Scheduling” tab along left hand side.
By default, Avast will scan weekly on Sunday (at midnight).
Select “Schedule this scan” and you will be able to adjust the options.
Teachers Tip: Students who are unsure of what to do should just leave Avast as is.
Install an anti-spyware and adware program and keep it updated
Spyware and adware collect information on you without your consent, whereas a more traditional virus typically spreads software. Antivirus will protect against some spyware, but not necessarily all of it.
Most of the time, Antivirus is enough, but if you suspect you are infected and your Antivirus scan doesn’t uncover anything, you may want to use some additional software.
Just like antivirus, update regularly and scan once a week.
In the chance that your scans miss something and you think it’s a virus, we recommend using Malware Bytes – it can often catch things other scanners cannot, and they have free tools that can get a scan and removal working when by viruses.
Navigate to Malware Bytes web page.
Point out reviews at cnet.com
Go over handout, review material, and emphasize contact info & further resources on handout.
Any questions? Final comments?
Remind patrons to practice; assign take-home-practice - remind them they can ask for help