Viruses & Malware 101

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Viruses & Malware 101

Lesson Plan

Students learn what types of malicious software there are, how to tell if their computer is infected, and what they can do to protect their computer from viruses and spyware.

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the class, the student will:

  • Know how to identify signs a computer may be infected with malicious software

  • Be able to protect their computer using antivirus and antispyware software

  • Understand what viruses, spyware, and Trojans are

  • Know how to avoid inadvertently downloading malicious software

  • Know how to use Antivirus software

Lesson Prep Work

(30 min, at a minimum, prior to student arrival)

  • pre-sign into accounts

  • pre-load videos or web demos


  • Load antivirus and spyware download sites

    • Avast! (

  • print handouts

Lesson Prerequisites

Basic familiarity with computers, the internet, and mouse control.

Lesson Outline

The lesson is completed in one (90) minute class session.

(5) Introduction

  • Introduce instructor, students.

    • Ask students at introduction: Have you ever had a computer act strangely? Have you ever had a virus before?

  • Let students know it is okay to take phone calls, but ask them to put their phone on vibrate and answer calls outside the classroom.

  • Inform students that they can sit back and watch if the class is too advanced.

  • Inform students they can go to the bathroom, they don’t need permission.

  • Show order in which class will happen. Explain scope of class.

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