Edited by S. Jentoft, H. Minde& R. Nilsen. Eburon Academic Publishers, 2003. ISBN 90-5166-978-х, 315 pp.
Indigenous peoples are under heavy pressure from developments beyond their control. Since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, а legal process within the auspices of the UN has been underway that may help indigenous peoples to sustain their natural environment, industries, and cultures. This book addresses some of the legal, political and institutional implications of these processes. Are the processes providing indigenous peoples with а more solid foundation for protecting their natural environment and culture? The international group of authors of the essays included draw on examples from different parts of the world, which highlight the issues that are involved in indigenous peoples' struggle for control of their lives and their future.
То order the book:
Chicago University Press: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/16348.ctl
Eburon Academic Publishers: http://www.eburon.nl Big Oil Playground, Russian Bear Preserve or European Periphery?
The Russian Barents Sea Region towards 2015
Bjørn Brunstad, Eivind Magnus, Philip Swanson, Geir Hønneland, and Indra Øverland. Eburon Academic Publishers, 2004. The final book from the ”Barents Russia 2015 Scenario Project”. ISBN 90 5972 039 3. 212 pages.
In the northwestern corner of Russia lies the Barents Sea: a region of natural resources that has yet to be fully exploited. Future actions taken in the Barents Sea region will create environmental, political, and economic ripples around the globe. The book explores three plausible and thought-provoking scenarios for the region’s future over the next two decades. The volume considers whether the international energy industry will transform the Barents Sea region into a “big oil playground”, if Russian strategic interests and instincts for control will make it a “Russian bear preserve”, or if integration into world trade will put it on the “European periphery”. The result is a valuable resource for understanding the changing dynamics and challenges in modern public planning and a globalised economy.
То order the book:
Chicago University Press: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/16348.ctl
Eburon Academic Publishers: http://www.eburon.nl
Edited by T. Koivurova, T. Joona, and R. Shnoro, Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 2004. ISBN 951-634-940-4
The book deals with social science and, in particular, legal perspectives on Arctic issues. It is subdivided into four parts: 1. International governance in the Arctic, 2. Indigenous peoples and governance, with special reference to the Arctic, and 3. Environmental governance in the Arctic.
To order the book, please contact Marja Collins, Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, e-mail: email@example.com
For further information about Arctic Centre Publications, please go to:
http://www.arcticcentre.org/contentparser.asp?deptid=10827#juridica People of the Far North.
Paleoenvironment and prehistory of the Eurasiatic and American Far North
[original title: Peuples du Grand Nord]
By Patrick Plumet, 2 volumes (ISBN: 2-87772-270-8 and ISBN: 2-87772-276-7), 2004, in French.
Volume I: From myths to prehistory. Topics includes: Myth, fantasy, and science in the Arctic; The northern environment; First approach of the Far North in Eurasia.
Volume II: Toward the "Eskimo" - From mammoths to whales. Topics includes: Life in the Far North of Eurasia at the end of Pleistocene; The great upheavals of the end of the Pleistocene and beginning of the Holocene.
For further information including French and English summaries, see at: http://www.unites.uqam.ca/tuvaaluk/accueil/PresentAng.html Persistent Toxic Substances, Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North
A joint project established by RAIPON (Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and Far-East of the Russian Federation), AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme), and GEF (the Global Environmental Facility).
The AMAP Assessments have documented how persistent toxic substances (PTS) have a tendency to be transported to, and accumulate in the Arctic region. They also describe how Arctic ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to exposure to PTS, and why certain Arctic indigenous communities in Greenland and Canada have some of the highest exposures to PTS of any populations on Earth. A number of factors, among which the cold Arctic climate, lipid-rich food chains, and lifestyle of indigenous peoples, in particular their reliance on traditional foods, all play an important role.
Preliminary studies in the Russian Arctic upto 1998 showed that environmental levels of PTS can be significantly elevated, however the data were sparse and many areas of the Russian Arctic were not covered in these studies. At the same time, as a result of economic changes in Russia, consumption of traditional food by indigenous peoples in the Russian Arctic increased. For these reasons, the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Organisations (Permanent Participants of the Arctic Council), in collaboration with the AMAP Secretariat, initiated, with financial support of the Global Invironmental Facility (GEF), the project Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North.
ANNOUNCEMENT The 5th Congress of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North, Siberia and Far East will be held on 11-14 April 2005 in Moscow.
For detailed information watch RAIPON’s website: http://www.raipon.net/
RAIPON Appeal to the public and mass media – protest action on Sakhalin
The Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and Far East is appealing to the public and mass media to SUPPORT THE PROTEST ACTION OF SAKHALIN’S INDIGENOUS PEOPLES!
20 January 2005 has been chosen as a day of Protest Action on the part of the Sakhalin Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, with the support of Sakhalin’s social movements and parties.
Two pipelines pumping oil and gas from the Okhotsk Sea shelf will cross the length and breadth of Sakhalin Island. These pipelines will cross 1,103 rivers and brooks comprising salmon spawning areas and will split the migration routes of wild animals and domestic reindeer in two. The full length of the land pipelines will lie on seismic zones of potential earthquake magnitude 8-9 and will cross 44 tectonic faults of different types no less than 55 times. The potential for danger to the population is clear and the impact these projects will have on Sakhalin Island’s eco-system and close-lying areas of water is undoubted.
And yet these projects are already being implemented by the transnational companies Exxon, Shell, British Petroleum, Sakhalin Energy and their subsidiaries, in serious violation of Russian legislation and international standards.
The economic benefit for Russia of the production sharing agreements signed between the Russian Federation and transnational companies is challenged by experts. Eight years of oil and gas extraction on Sakhalin Island have provided no benefit whatsoever to the island’s population. Not even a supply of gas to Sakhalin’s settlements has been provided, as was promised eight years ago. But half a million people have begun to feel the damaging effects of this activity. A key sector of the economy – fishing – is suffering losses and phasing down.
The indigenous peoples of Sakhalin – the Nivkhi, Nanai and Ulchi, who have a traditional self-subsistence economy based on fishing, hunting, reindeer herding and wild plant gathering – disproportionately suffer the negative environmental consequences. Structural engineering has destroyed reindeer pastures and forests, work on the shelf has led to an abrupt decline in fishing and fishing limits for the indigenous population, while traditional handicrafts now form virtually the indigenous peoples’ only source of livelihood.
Industrial companies take no account of indigenous peoples’ interests. An analysis of published impact assessments showed that no consideration was taken of the cumulative, long-term negative impacts on indigenous traditional lifestyles. Long-term mitigation programs or programs to adapt indigenous peoples to the serious ecological consequences of the projects, which should be implemented in Sakhalin for the decades to come, are absent. The attempts of indigenous peoples’ organizations to negotiate with industrial companies with regard to assessing the long-term economic, social and cultural consequences have failed.
The absence of access to complete and reliable project information, the disinformation contained in published project documentation and the companies’ unwillingness to seriously dialogue with indigenous peoples’ organizations have forced them to commence a process of civil protest.
The Vth Congress of Indigenous Peoples of the North of Sakhalin Region, held on 29 October 2004, came to the following decision: “To commence a process of defence of our constitutional rights via protest actions against oil companies violating indigenous peoples’ rights according to the norms and principles of international justice and Russian legislation”. This decision has been supported by the Russian Association of Indigenous peoples of the North.” On 15 December 2004 RAIPON and the Sakhalin Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North held a meeting at the Sakhalin regional Duma in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk with the participation of the Chairman of the Duma, 8 deputies, representatives of Sakhalin Energy, Rosneft, British Petroleum, Exxon and the head of the Sakhalin Administration’s Department for Indigenous Affairs. Participants in the meeting were again informed that Sakhalin’s indigenous peoples are suffering the negative effects of intensive oil and gas exploitation. As a way of solving the problem, a draft Memorandum was submitted to stakeholders, calling for the following:
The conducting of an independent Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA, with an ethnological assessment) for all industrial projects.
The creation of a Sakhalin Indigenous Peoples’ Development Fund. This will be extremely necessary in terms of the industrial developing of Sakhalin Island.
The creation of a special permanent Working Group to achieve the Memorandum’s goals (i.e. EIA implementation and Fund creation)
Unfortunately, the meeting’s participants were unable to reach an agreement and the Memorandum was not accepted.
Since the indigenous peoples of Sakhalin can see no other way to defend their lands and traditional lifestyle, they have decided to commence protest actions such as road blocks and pipeline blocks. The indigenous peoples and representatives of different NGOs will set up tents in the path of the pipeline and on the road leading to construction works. This action will commence on 20 January 2005 and its duration will depend on the response received from the oil and gas companies and authorities.
We call upon all those who are not indifferent to the destiny of the indigenous peoples and population of Sakhalin, and to the future Environment of the North Pacific basin, to appeal in support of the indigenous peoples’ protest action to the Russian authorities and companies implementing oil and gas extraction projects in Sakhalin, and to take part in the protest action that will commence on 20 January 2005 in the Noglikskiy region of Sakhalin Oblast. We ask all of you to send letters of protest to the Russian authorities and to the oil and gas companies working on Sakhalin island (with copy to RAIPON). Mailing addresses for the authorities and companies are attached. Please also send letters in support of Sakhalin’s indigenous peoples to:
Sakhalin Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North: Address – Prospekt Mira, build. 245-Б, apart. 74, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 693000, Russia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax 7 4242 72 13 46