Windows XP/Windows 2000: “Control Panel Requirements” Windows DDK.
Windows 98/Me: “Custom Refresh Rates” and “Using Control Panel Extensions” in the Windows Me DDK; see also http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/devdes/displaycpl.htm.
B4.2.2 Monitors - Industry Standards
B220.127.116.11 Related VESA standards
Enhanced Extended Display Identification Data Standard (E-DID), Release A
EDID Standard, V. 3.0.
VESA Display Data Channel Standard.
VESA and Industry Standards and Guidelines for Computer Display Monitor Timing.
Design Guideline References: PC 2001 System Design Guide, Chapter 10, "Monitors"
B18.104.22.168 Color monitor is DDC2B-compliant and supports EDID 1.3 data structure
[MON-0232, 0233; see also see FAQs B22.214.171.124 and B126.96.36.199]
B188.8.131.52 Monitor associates an ICC profile
The Windows operating system will support devices that create standard RGB (sRGB) output by default. Devices with an output other than sRGB must install (via a monitor INF) an ICC profile appropriate to the preferred display resolution (as identified in the EDID data) at 32 bpp. For an LCD or other non-CRT display device, the profile should be based on the native display mode (resolution and color depth) for which the display is designed.
Mobile PC Note: Because most Mobile PCs do not support Plug and Play for their installed LCD panel, the ICC profile must be installed manually by using an appropriate monitor INF. OEMs should install the correct configuration as part of the operating system preinstall process. If necessary, the INF will be available to the user for manual reinstallation. Mobile PCs with Double Supertwisted Nematic (DSTN) or reflective LCD panels do not require ICC profiles.
14-inch to 15-inch external monitor = 800 × 600, noninterlaced.
Mobile PC Note: Built-in mobile PC display = 800 × 600, noninterlaced.
17-inch external monitor or 13-inch to 15-inch external LCD = 1024 × 768, noninterlaced.
19-inch and 21-inch external monitor or external LCDs larger than 16 inches = 1280 × 1024, noninterlaced.
TV-style large-format monitors (larger than 23 inches) must be capable of scanning at 1024 x 768 progressive at 60 Hz (and 59.94 Hz) for the 4:3 case, and 1280 x 720 progressive at 60 Hz (and 59.94 Hz) for the 16:9 case.
B184.108.40.206 CRT-based monitor synchronizes to a new format in less than three seconds
B220.127.116.11 LCD monitor or built-in LCD display contains display characterization data
B18.104.22.168 Windows XP: Monitor supports 59.94 Hz operation
B4.2.5 Monitors - FAQs
B22.214.171.124 Current Monitor FAQs
B126.96.36.199 DDC standard [Clarification]
The required support defined in Version 3.0 of the DDC standards is also defined in the earlier version and revisions of these standards. As such, the Version 3.0 standards provide the correct references for Windows XP/Windows 2000 and Windows 98/Me.
FAQ Date: October 7, 1998
For analog CRTs, EDID content must indicate at least one VESA mode at 75 Hz, or better, for each resolution supported.
FAQ Date: October 7, 1998
B188.8.131.52 Monitors support D0 and D3 states [Logo clarification]
Monitors are required to support only D0 and D3 states.
FAQ Date: March 20, 2000
B4.2.R Monitors - Future Requirements
Announcement of additional future requirements will be published at http://www.microsoft.com/winlogo/hardware/display/
B4.2.R.1 Cathode Ray Tube complies with Windows Color Quality Specifications
Color matching capabilities supported in a color cathode ray tube must comply with the requirements defined in Section 4 of "Windows Color Quality Specifications for Cathode Ray Tube OEMs," available at http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/color/ In particular, the following color tolerances must be met.
|dx|, |dy| < 0.02
|dx – dy| < 0.02
80 20/-10 cd/m2
Gamma(S-g – simple gamma)
B4.2.R.2 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) complies with Windows Color Quality Specifications
Color matching capabilities supported in a color liquid crystal display must comply with the requirements defined in Section 4 of "Windows Color Quality Specifications for Liquid Crystal Display OEMs,” available at http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/color/. Standalone LCDs are required to use the in gamut patches specified for stand alone LCDs in Section 2 of "Windows Color Quality Specifications for Liquid Crystal Display OEMs." Integrated (laptop) LCDs are required to use the in gamut patches specified for integrated LCDs in Section 2 of "Windows Color Quality Specifications for Liquid Crystal Display OEMs.” In particular, the following Delta E tolerances must be met:
Average CIE 1994 Delta E* less than or equal to 10 for in gamut colors.
Maximum CIE 1994 Delta E* less than or equal to 15 for in gamut colors.
Average CIE 1994 Delta E* less than or equal to 20 for IEC 61966-4 colors.