• Deploying iSCSI Storage Solutions on the Microsoft ® Windows Server ™ Platform
  • Contents iii Introduction 1
  • Application Host Configuration Steps 18
  • Microsoft Application Deployments for iSCSI 27
  • Dell™ PowerVault™ NX1950 Networked Storage Solution 61
  • HDS TagmaStore™ AMS1000 97
  • HP StorageWorks 1200 All-in-One Storage System 109
  • LeftHand Networks® SAN/iQ® 138
  • Storage Management Notes 147
  • Deploying iscsi storage Solutions on the Microsoft® Windows Server™ Platform




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    Deploying iSCSI Storage Solutions on Microsoft Windows Server Platform





    Deploying iSCSI Storage Solutions on the Microsoft® Windows Server Platform

    Dennis Martin



    Microsoft MVP for Windows Server Storage

    President, Demartek

    Published: June 2007

    Abstract

    In an effort to provide an improved experience for the growing iSCSI storage market, Microsoft and its storage partners have created various iSCSI target solutions for the Microsoft Windows Server environment. These solutions include iSCSI targets based on Microsoft’s iSCSI target software and storage partner hardware, and iSCSI targets based on storage partner iSCSI target software and hardware. This paper provides an update on the state of iSCSI storage technology, specifics on several Microsoft storage partner solutions, including the deployment of each solution for specific solutions such as Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft SharePoint Server and Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS).


    This report is designed for managers of IT departments and system administrators who are exploring the possible benefits of iSCSI storage solutions or who are looking for actual deployment examples of iSCSI storage solutions.
    The information contained in this document represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented after the date of publication.

    This document is for informational purposes only. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT.

    Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation.

    Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property.

    © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

    Microsoft, Windows, the Windows logo, Windows Server, and Windows Server System are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

    The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

    Contents


    Contents iii

    Introduction 1

    Storage Solutions Deployed 1



    Basic Storage Architectures 2

    Direct-Attached Storage (DAS) 2

    Network-Attached Storage (NAS) 3

    Storage Area Network (SAN) 4

    Unified Storage 6

    10-Gigabit Ethernet Technology 6



    iSCSI Technology 7

    Initiators 8

    Targets 9

    Multi-Path I/O 9

    Management of iSCSI 9

    Storage Performance and iSCSI 10

    General Performance Comments 10

    Improving iSCSI Storage Performance 10

    Network Infrastructure Settings 11

    Microsoft Scalable Networking Pack 11

    Receive-side Scaling 11

    TCP Offload Adapters 12

    Full iSCSI Host Bus Adapters (HBA) 12

    Performance Result Summary by Initiator Network Adapter Type 12

    Deployment Examples 16

    Deployment Environment 16



    Servers 16

    Network Adapters 16

    Network Switches 16

    Deployment Processes 16



    Application Host Configuration Steps 17

    Storage Solution Configuration Steps 17

    Run Applications to Use the iSCSI Storage 17

    Application Host Configuration Steps 18

    Install Microsoft Windows 2003 Server R2 Enterprise x64 Edition 18

    Install Microsoft iSCSI Initiator 18

    Configure Microsoft iSCSI Initiator 20



    General Tab 20

    Discovery Tab 21

    Targets Tab 22

    Persistent Targets Tab 25

    Bound Volumes Tab 25

    Security for iSCSI 26



    Microsoft Application Deployments for iSCSI 27

    Microsoft Cluster Server 27



    Pre-Cluster Network Preparation 27

    Target Pre-Cluster Preparation Tasks 27

    Cluster Creation Tasks 31

    Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 43



    SharePoint Deployment 44

    Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 47



    Prerequisites for Deployment 47

    Exchange Server 2007 Deployment 47

    Microsoft SQL Server 2005 55



    Prerequisites for Deployment 55

    SQL Server 2005 Deployment 55

    Dell™ PowerVault™ NX1950 Networked Storage Solution 61

    Target Configuration Steps 61



    1.Configure Network Settings for iSCSI Target Device 61

    2.Launch Management Console 62

    3.Create LUNs on Disk Array 62

    4.Make LUNs Ready for Use 66

    5.Create iSCSI Targets 68

    6.Create Multi-path I/O for iSCSI Targets (optional) 74

    7.Configure Security for iSCSI Targets (optional) 75

    8.Make iSCSI Targets Ready for Use for iSCSI Initiators 75

    Initiator Configuration Steps 79



    Configure Multi-path I/O from Application Host 79

    Basic Performance Results 80



    EqualLogic® PS3800XV 81

    Target Configuration Steps 81



    1.Configure Network Settings for iSCSI Target Device 81

    2.Launch Management Console 82

    3.Create Volumes on Disk Array 82

    4.Make Volumes Ready for Use 91

    5.Create iSCSI Targets 91

    6.Create Multi-path I/O for iSCSI Targets (optional) 91

    7.Configure Security for iSCSI Targets (optional) 92

    8.Make iSCSI Targets Ready for Use for iSCSI Initiators 92

    Initiator Configuration Steps 92



    1.Configure Multi-path I/O from Application Host 92

    Basic Performance Results 96



    HDS TagmaStore™ AMS1000 97

    Target Configuration Steps 97



    1.Configure Network Settings for iSCSI Target Ports 97

    2.Launch Management Console 98

    3.Create LUNs on Disk Array 99

    4.Make LUNs Ready for Use 101

    5.Create iSCSI Targets 102

    6.Create Multi-path I/O for iSCSI Targets (optional) 103

    7.Configure Security for iSCSI Targets (optional) 103

    8.Make iSCSI Targets Ready for Use for iSCSI Initiators 104

    Initiator Configuration Steps 105



    1.Configure Multi-path I/O from Application Host 105

    Basic Performance Results 108



    HP StorageWorks 1200 All-in-One Storage System 109

    Target Configuration Steps 109



    1.Configure Network Settings for iSCSI Target Device 109

    2.Launch Management Console 111

    3.Guided configuration: Link to the All-in-One Storage Manager (ASM) 111

    4.Create LUNs on Disk Array 116

    5.Make LUNs Ready for Use 120

    6.Create iSCSI Targets 125

    7.Create Multi-path I/O for iSCSI Targets (optional) 131

    8.Configure Security for iSCSI Targets (optional) 131

    9.Make iSCSI Targets Ready for Use for iSCSI Initiators 132

    Initiator Configuration Steps 136



    Configure Multi-path I/O from Application Host 136

    Basic Performance Results 137



    LeftHand Networks® SAN/iQ® 138

    Target Configuration Steps 138



    1.Configure Network Settings for iSCSI Target Device 138

    2.Launch Management Console 139

    3.Create LUNs on Disk Array 141

    4.Make LUNs Ready for Use 141

    5.Create iSCSI Targets 143

    6.Create Multi-path I/O for iSCSI Targets (optional) 143

    7.Configure Security for iSCSI Targets (optional) 143

    8.Make iSCSI Targets Ready for Use for iSCSI Initiators 144

    Initiator Configuration Steps 144



    1.Configure Multi-path I/O from Application Host 144

    Basic Performance Results 146



    Storage Management Notes 147

    Efficient Storage Management 147



    Storage Manager for SANs 147

    LUN management for Fibre Channel subsystems 147

    LUN management for iSCSI subsystems 147

    Summary 148

    Related Links 149


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