Paragraph writing:Practice in writing a good, unified and coherent paragraph, Essay writing:Introduction, CV and job application:Translation skills, Urdu to English, Study skills:Skimming and scanning, intensive and extensive, and speed reading, summary and précis writing and comprehension, Academic skills: Letter/memo writing, minutes of meetings, use of library and internet, Presentation skills:Personality development (emphasis on content, style and pronunciation)
Note: Documentaries to be shown for discussion and review
Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 431350 6.
Writing Writing. Intermediate by Marie-ChrisitineBoutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking).
Writing. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos, introduction to presentations, descriptive and argumentative writing).
Reading Reading. Advanced. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 4534030.
Reading and Study Skills by John Langan
Study Skills by Riachard York.
ISL-3202 Islamic Studies / Ethics 2(2-0)
This course is aimed at:
To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies
To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization
To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships
To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.
Basic Concepts of Quran, History of Quran, Uloom-ul –Quran, Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286), Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11), Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77), Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam (Verse No-152-154),Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56, 57,58.), Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20),Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar, Tadabar (Verse No-1,14), Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood), Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah, Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah,Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina, Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina, Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina ,Basic Concepts of Hadith, History of Hadith, Kinds of Hadith, Uloom-ul-Hadith, Sunnah & Hadith, Legal Position of Sunnah, Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, History &Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Nature of Differences in Islamic Law, Islam and Sectarianism, Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization, Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization, Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization, Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues, Basic Concepts of Islam & Science, Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science, Quranic & Science, Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System, Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics, Islamic Concept of Riba, Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce, Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System, Islamic Concept of Sovereignty, Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam, Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida, Period of Ummayyads, Period of Abbasids, Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam, Elements of Family, Ethical Values of Islam.
Dipole moment; inductive and field effects; resonance; aromaticity; tautomerism; hyperconjugation; hydrogen bonding; acids and bases; factors affecting the strengths of acids and bases.
Discussion on the preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatics.
Discussion on the preparation, properties and reactions of alcohols (phenols), ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and derivatives.
Introductory Organic Spectroscopy
Introduction to IR, UV, 1H-NMR and Mass spectrometric methods, and their usage for structure elucidation of some simple organic compounds.
Laboratory work illustrating topics covered in the lecture of CHM-3212
ZOO-3206 PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL LIFE-II
Aims and Objectives
The course will imparts knowledge and understanding of:
Cell division and its significance in cell cycle.
Concepts and mechanisms of inheritance pattern, chromosome and gene linkage and molecular basics of genetics.
Animal behaviour and communication.
Theories of evolution, gene flow and mechanism of evolution with reference to animals and diversity.
Cell Division: Cell cycles: Mitosis and meiosis; control of the cell cycle. Inheritance Patterns:Mendelian genetics; inheritance patterns; gene, structure, chemical composition and types. Chromosomes and Gene Linkage:Eukaryotic chromosomes; linkage and crossing over; chromosomal aberrations. Molecular Genetics: Cellular Control: DNA: the genetic material; DNA replication in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; control of gene expression in eukaryotes; gene mutation; recombinant DNA and applications of genetic technologies. Animal Behaviour:Behaviour and its types, proximate and ultimate causes; anthropomorphism; development of behavior; learning; factors controlling animal behavior; communication; behavioral ecology; social behavior. Evolution:AHistorical Perspective: Theories of evolution: Lamarckism and natural selection, neo larmarckism, Darwinism, and neo Darwinian. Evolution and Gene Frequencies:Hardy-Weinberg principle; evolutionary mechanisms: population size, genetic drift, gene flow, de Vries mutation theory and rates of evolution, polymorphism; species and speciation; molecular evolution; mosaic evolution.
Recommended Books Hickman, C.P., Roberts, L.S. and Larson, A. Integrated Principles Of Zoology, 11th Edition (International), 2004. Singapore: McGraw Hill.
Hickman, C.P. and Kats, H.L. Laboratory Studies In Integrated Principles Of Zoology. 2000. Singapore: McGraw Hill.
STA-3203 Introduction to Statistics 2 (1-1)
What is Statistics?
Definition of Statistics, Population, Observations, Data, Discrete and continuous variables, Errors of measurement, Significant digits, Rounding of a Number, Collection of primary and secondary data, Sources, Editing of Data.
Presentation of Data
Introduction, basic principles of classification and Tabulation, Graphs and their Construction, Bar charts, Pie chart, Histogram, Frequency polygon and Frequency curve, Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive, Historigram, Ogive for Discrete Variable. Types of frequency curves.
Introduction, Different types of Averages, Quantiles, The Mode, Empirical Relation between Mean, Median and mode, Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. properties of Good Average, Box and Whisker Plot, Stem and Leaf Display, definition of outliers and their detection. Exercises.
Sampling and Sampling Distributions
Introduction, sample design and sampling frame, bias, sampling and non sampling errors, sampling with and without replacement, probability and non-probability sampling, Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion, Difference of means and proportions.
Introduction, Statistical problem, null and alternative hypothesis, Type-I and Type-II errors, level of significance, Test statistics, general procedure for testing of hypothesis.
Recommended Books: Walpole, R. E. 1982. “Introduction to Statistics”, 3rd Ed., Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York.
Muhammad, F. 2005. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”, KitabMarkaz, Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.