This report is an effort to identify various networking initiatives, current status & major recommendations. A significant increase in the Indonesian networking infrastructure as well as number of users is apparent in the 1995. We are looking at a total user of close to 20,000 in 1995. A total of more than 22 ISPs have received their licensed from the Indonesian Ministry of Post and Telecommunication. Currently (in July 1996) the total Indonesian speed to Internet is more than 3.2Mbps, we are hoping to increase the speed to close to 5,4Mbps by the end 1996. ATM, B-ISDN & Frame Relay 2Mbps regional / nation wide backbone is currently in implementation & hope to be in operation by the end of 1996. Several TCP/IP-based VSAT networks are in implementation. A major education & research Internet gateway at speed of 2Mbps directly to Internet at Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB) is scheduled to be launched in September 1996. It is part of Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) to be used to build an experimental Asia Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII). It is ITB’s committment to use the facilities to integrate all education & research communities in Indonesia to Internet. By doing so, it is hoped, we will see:
3-4 million Indonesian on Internet in the next 2-3 years The authors are not claiming the report to be complete as the Internet development in Indonesia is too rapid and too distributed to keep up.
The current status of the computer network / Internet in Indonesia as well as various related reports / papers may be found at several Web sites, e.g., http://kalpataru.netura.net.id/~onno/
As of June 1995, the estimated user composition of the Indonesian Internet is shown in Figure 1. No recent report can be found on the user composition.
(June 1995) Within 12 months, there is a significant shift in the user composition from mostly educational institution (60% of the users) to mostly commercial users (42%) in June 1995. It is estimated that the current user composition is dominated by commercial ISP users.
Figure 2. A Simplified Network Topology & Plan To Setup An ITB’s Neutral Hub
(February 1996) It is interesting to see that by the end of 1996, Indonesia is expected to have at least 5,4Mbps access to Internet. There are currently several major gateways to Internet from Indonesia as listed in Table 1 below. Table 1 List of Major Internet Gateways
6 other cities
5 other cities
2 other cities
17 cities 2Mbps
22 other cities
There are currently more than 22 Internet Service Provider (ISP) have received government licensed - some of them already in operation as listed. Please check the author’s home page for the recent update. The increasing total Indonesia speed to Internet is shown in the Figure below.
Figure. An Exponential Increase of Indonesian Internet Speed. An exponential increase of Indonesian Internet speed is apparent from the above figure. Further increase in Internet speed should be supported by a large high-speed national backbone to be used to generate the justified traffic to Internet. The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Indonesia (ID) is currently co-ordinated by the University of Indonesia (UI) in Jakarta, at http://www.adfa.oz.au/indonesian/faq.tld-id.html
University of Indonesia (UI) is going to drop their responsibility as TLD-ID fairly soon in 1996. Indonesian Internet traffic is typically unbalanced between outbound-inbound traffic. The outbound traffic from Indonesia to Internet is typically in the range of 20-30% of the link capacity.