• MONGOLIAN ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY COMPILED BY ANDRAS RAJKI 2006
  • Mongolian etymological dictionary compiled by andras rajki 2006 A




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    MONGOLIAN ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY

    COMPILED BY ANDRAS RAJKI

    2006



    A

    aadar : shower [OM aghadar]

    aag : strength [OM aghag and auga, Kal uuga, cp. Eve avgara health, and < *ag-, cp. Kyr ugut ferment, Jap aku lye]

    aalz : spider zool [OM *aghaldin < araghaldin < *par- weave, cp. Tur ari bee, Kyr aari, OT *arigh; see eereh]

    aarts : cheese [OM agharti < *aghar-]

    aaruul : cheese [OM *aghar-, cp. OT *abhir-]

    aash : character [OM aghasi]

    aav : father [see av]

    aazhim : slow [OM aghadim]

    ach : grandchild [OM ati, cp. OT *achi nephew]

    ach : favor, service [OM ati < *pati]

    achih : load [OM ati- < *arti-, cp. Tur art- increase, Kyr art- load, OT *art-]

    adag : end [OM adag < *padag, cp. Tur ayak foot, Kyr ayak, OT *adhak, Man fatan sole and ura hips, Kor padak, Jap ura back]

    adayr : plank [OM adaghir < *pad-, cp. Tur ayri separate, Kyr ayri- distinguish, OT *adhir, Man fadiran wall]

    adil : equal [OM adali]

    adis : blessing [Skt adhistana]

    aduu : stud [OM adaghu, cp. Tur at horse, Kyr at, OT *at, or Tur ayi bear, Kyr ayuu, Tuv adig, OT *adigh, Man adun herd, Eve avdu cattle]

    aduus : animal [OM adaghusun; see aduu]

    agaar : air [cp. Tuv agaar]

    agsam : fierce [OM agsum, cp. Kyr aksim troublemaker]

    agshin : moment [OM agsin, Skt kshana]

    agt : castrated horse [OM agta, Per akhte castrated]

    aguu : big [OM agu]

    aguulah : contain, store [OM agul-]

    aguy : cave [OM aguy]

    ah : brother [OM aqa, cp. Tur agha master, Kyr aga brother, Man ahon, Eve akin]

    ahar : short [OM aqar]

    alag : variegated [cp. Tur ala, Kyr ala, OT *ala]

    alah : kill [OM ala-]

    alba : duty [OM alban]

    alchuur : cloth [OM altighur < *ariti- < *ari-; see ariun]

    ald : fathom [OM alda]

    aldah : lose [OM alda-, cp. Tur alik stupid, dumb, Kyr alagdi absent-minded, Jap oroka foolish]

    aldar : name [OM aldar reputation, cp. Tuv aldar honor]

    alga : palm [OM alagan < *palagan, Mgr halga, cp. Kyr alakan, Man falanggu, Kor pal arm]

    alh : hammer [OM aluqa < *paluqa, cp. Kyr balka, Man folgo, Eve halka, Gre pelekys axe, Akkad pilakku]

    alhah : step [OM alqu- < *al- < *pal-, cp. Tur as- cross, exceed, Kyr ash-, OT *al, Eve halgan foot, Kor pal, Jap hashiru run, hashi bridge]

    ali : which [OM ali]

    alim : apple [cp. Tur elma, Kyr alma]

    almas : diamond [cp. Tur elmas, Kyr almaz, Gre adamas]

    als : far away [OM alus < *al-, cp. Kyr alis; see alhah]

    alt : gold [OM altan < *paltan, Mgr haltan, cp. Tur altin, Kyr altin, Man aisin]

    am : mouth [OM aman < *am-, cp. Tur aghiz, Man angga, Eve amnga, Jap ago jaw]

    amar : easy, quiet [OM amur < *amu- < *pamu-, Mgr hamar-, cp. Eve aa- sleep]

    amgalan : peaceful, quiet [OM amugulan < *amu-; see amar]

    ami : life [OM amin, cp. Tuv ami-, Skt athman soul]

    amrag : friend, lover [OM amurag < *amu-; see amar]

    amrah : relax [OM amura- < *amu-; see amar]

    amsah : taste, try [OM amsa- < *am-; see am]

    amt : taste [OM amtan < *am-, cp. Tuv amdan, Man amtan, Eve amta, Kor mas, Jap umai tasty; see am]

    amuu : corn [OM amu]

    amzhih : reach, attain [OM amdi-]

    an : hunt, game [OM ang, cp. Kyr ang]

    an : crack [OM ang hole, cp. Kyr ang, Eve anga- open, Jap ana cave]

    anah : heal [OM ana-]

    anar : pomegranate [cp. Kyr anar, Per anar]

    andgay : oath [OM anda friend, cp. Tur ant oath, Kyr ant]

    angal : crack [OM annga hole; see an]

    angayh : open wide [OM annga-; see an]

    angi : class

    anh : at first [OM angqan origin, cp. Tur en most, Kyr eng]

    anhaarah : observe [OM angqar-]

    anih : close [OM ani-]

    anzhis : plough [OM andisun and andasun and andasqa, cp. Man andia]

    ar : back [cp. Tur arka, Kyr arka, Jap ato behind]

    araa : back-tooth [OM aragha fang < *paragha, cp. Tur azi molar, Kyr azuu, OT *azigh, Man argan, Jap ira thorn]

    araatan : predator [OM araghatan; see araa]

    arag : basket [OM arug < *par- plait, weave, cp. Man farangga gabled barn]

    aral : island [cp. Kyr aral, Tur ara interval, Kyr ara, OT *ara, Jap awai and Tur orta middle, Kyrgryz orto center]

    aral : beam [OM aral < *paral, cp. Man fara sled, Kor palko]

    arav : ten num [OM arbhan < *parbhan, Dag harab, Mgr harwan]

    aray : a little [cp. Tur az, Kyr az, OT *ar, Eve aran]

    archih : clean [OM arti- < *ariti- < *ari-; see ariun]

    archlah : take care [OM aratila-]

    ard : people [OM arad, pl. of aran]

    arga : way, mean; trick [cp. Kyr arga dexterity]

    argal : dry dung [OM argal and argasun < *parga-, cp. Man fajan excrement]

    argali : mountain sheep zool [cp. OT *arqar]

    argamzh : cord [OM argamdi < *par- weave]

    arhi : wine [OM araki, cp. Kyr arak liquor, Man arki, Eve araki, Ara 'araq, Jap sake]

    arilah : disappear [OM arila- and arula- get behind < ar; see ar]

    arilzhih : exchange [OM araldi-]

    aris : skin, hide [OM arisun]

    ariun : pure [OM arighun < *ari-, cp. Tur ari, OT *arigh, Jap arau wash]

    arshaan : mineral water [cp. Skt rasayana]

    arslan : lion zool [cp. Tur aslan, Man arsalan]

    arts : juniper bot [cp. Tur ardic, OT *artuch, Kyr archa; see ariun]

    arvay : barley bot [cp. Tur arpa, Kyr arpa, OT *arpa, Man arfa, Jap awa millet]

    arvin : rich, abundant [OM arbhin, cp. Kyr arbhin much, Eve albin wide, Kor nalbun]

    asah : burn [OM asa-, cp. Tur as- cook]

    asah : climb [OM asa-, cp. Tur as- hang up]

    asar : tent [OM asari, cp. Man asari]

    asar : exceedingly [OM asuru, cp. Man asuru]

    asgah : pour, shed [OM asga- and asqa-]

    ashig : profit [OM asig, cp. Man aisi; see asah]

    asrah : take care, survey [OM asara-, cp. Kyr asira- bring up]

    asuuh : ask [OM asaghu-]

    at : castrated camel [OM atan]

    ataa : envy [OM ataghan < *pataghan, Dag hata-]

    atar : field [OM atar < *patar, cp. Jap hata, Kor pat]

    atga : handful [OM adgu < *padqu, Dagur hatku, cp. Man fatha, Kor padak palm]

    ats : fork [OM ati, cp. Kyr acha]

    augaa : huge

    av : father [OM abha, cp. OT *aba, Kor abaji]

    av : hunt [OM abha, cp. Tur av, OT *ab, Man aba]

    avah : take [OM abhu-, cp. Tur avuc handful, Man afu- seize]

    avdar : box [OM abhdar]

    avgay : wife [OM abhagay]

    avirah : climb [OM abhuri-]

    aviyaas : talent [Skt abhyasa]

    avraga : giant [OM abharaga]

    avrah : rescue [OM abhura-]

    aya : melody [OM aya and ayalgu]

    ayaa : comfort [OM ayi goodness, cp. Eve aya good]

    ayaar : slow [OM ayighar; see ayaa]

    ayag : cup, bowl [OM ayaga < *payaga, cp. Kyr ayak]

    ayan : trip [OM ayang]

    ayanga : thunderclap [OM ayungga, cp. Kot ayak thunder]

    ayas : circumstance [OM ayas < aya; see aya]

    ayh : fear [OM ayu-]

    ayl : settlement, neighborhood [OM ayil < *paghil, cp. Tur aghil corral, Kyr ayil village, OT *aghil, Man falka quarter]

    aylchin : guest [OM ayiltin < ayil, cp. Tuv aylchi; see ayl, giychin]

    aymag : clan [OM ayimag, cp. OT *aymak, Man ayman tribe]

    aymhay : shy [OM ayimu- < ayu-; see ayh]

    ayrag : sour milk [OM ayirag < *ayiran, cp. Tur ayran, Kyr ayran, OT *ayran]

    ayuul : danger [OM ayughul < ayu- fear; see ayh]

    azgara : stallion zool [OM adirga, cp. Tur aygir, Kyr aygir, OT *adhgir]

    azh : existence [OM adi < a- be]

    azhih : notice [OM adi- < *pad-; see adayr]

    azhil : work [OM adil, cp. Tuv azhil]





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    Mongolian etymological dictionary compiled by andras rajki 2006 A

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