Mongolian etymological dictionary compiled by andras rajki 2006 A




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B

ba : and [cp. Ara wa]

baa : penalty, fine [Chi fa law]

baadan : kerchief

baah : shit [OM bagha-]

baahan : quite a bit [OM baghaqan < baga; see baga]

baas : excrement [OM baghasun]

baasan : Friday [Tib pasang Venus]

baatar : hero [OM baghatur, cp. Kyr baatir, OT *baghatir, Per bahador]

baavgay : bear zool

bachim : quick [OM batim, cp. Kyr bachim, OT *bat]

badgana : disease [Tib bad-kan spittle]

badma : lotus bot [Tib pad-ma, Skt padma]

badrah : inflame [OM badara- expand]

bag : division [OM bag, cp. Tur bagh connection]

baga : small [OM baga]

bagalzuur : throat [OM bagaldighur < *baga- and baqalaghur < *baqa-, cp. Tur boghaz, OT *boghaz, Jap fukumu hold in mouth, Kor mok neck; see booh]

bagana : pillar [cp. Kyr bakan pole]

baglah : bind, connect [OM bagla- < *bag-, cp. Tur baghla-]

bagsh : teacher [cp. Kyr bakshi quack, Chi bokshi doctor (Mandarin boshi)]

bagtah : find place, match [OM bagta-]

bagts : bundle [OM bagtiya < *bag-]

bah : happiness [OM baqa, cp. Kyr bak]

bah : toad zool [cp. Tur bagha, Kyr baka]

bal : honey [cp. Tur bal, Kyr bal, OT *mal, SJap mitsu, SKor mil, Chi mit (Mandarin mi)]

bal : mine

balar : dumb, illiterate [OM balayir < balay; see balay]

balay : blind [cp. Man balu, Eve bali, Kor malda be blind]

balchig : mud [OM baltig, cp. Tur balcik clay, Kyr balchik, OT *balchik]

balgah : gulp, swallow [OM balgu-]

balgas : city [OM balagasun, cp. OT *balik, Man falga village]

bansh : pastry filled with meat

banz : bench [Chi banji plank]

bar : printing plate [Tib par, Chi ban]

bar : tiger zool [cp. Tuv par; see bars]

baraa : goods [OM baragha]

barah : cease [OM bara-, cp. Tur var- arrive, Kyr bar- go, OT *bar-]

bardam : proud [OM bardam boasting]

barih : hold [OM bari-, cp. Tur parmak finger, Kyr barmak, OT *barmak]

bars : tiger zool [cp. Tur pars leopard, OT *bars, Gre pardos leopard; see irves]

baruun : right-hand ["where the sun sets", OM baraghun < *bara-, cp. Tuv bariin west; see barah]

bas : also [OM basa]

bat : firm [OM batu]

batgana : fly zool [OM batagana]

bay : goal [OM bayi]

bayan : rich [OM baya-, cp. Kyr bay, OT *bay, Man bayan, Eve bayan]

bayar : joy, feast [cp. Tuv bayir greeting, Tur bayram feast]

bayh : be [OM bayi-, cp. Man ba place, Eve bi- be]

bayldah : fight [OM bayildu- < bayi; see bay]

bayshin : house [OM bayising, Chi]

bayvan : vitriol [Chi]

bazaah : supply [OM badigha-]

bazah : press [OM badi-]

beeliy : glove [OM begheley, cp. Kyr meeley]

beer : pus [OM beghere]

beereh : freeze [OM beghere-, cp. Man beye-]

beh : ink [Chi mok (Mandarin mo, dial. mek)]

beh : firm [OM beki, cp. Kyr bek]

bel : belt [cp. Tur bel waist, Kyr bel]

bel : slope [cp. Kyr bel mountain pass]

beleg : sign [cp. Tur belge document, Kyr belgi sign]

beleg : present, gift [cp. Kyr belek, Man belek]

belen : ready [cp. Kyr belen, Man beleni]

belhüüs : hip [OM belkeghüsün; see bel]

ber : in-law [OM beri]

bergen : in-law [-gen "relative suffix"; cp. Man berhu; see ber]

berh : difficult [OM berke, cp. Tur berk solid, Eve berke bold]

bi : I ppron [cp. Tur ben, Man bi, Eve bi]

bich : monkey [OM betin from Sogdian, cp. Per buzine, Gre pithon and pithekos]

bichih : write [OM *biti-, Tuv bizhik letter, Man bithe script and fi writing brush, Kor pus, Tib pir, Jap fude, Chi bit (Mandarin bi)]

bid : we ppron [OM bid, pl. of bi, cp. Tur biz, Kyr biz, Man be, Eve bu; see bi]

bider : strip [cp. Man bederi]

bilchih : pasture [OM bilti-; see bilchir]

bilchir : estuary [OM biltir]

bilig : talent [OM bilig knowledge, cp. Tur bilgi from bil- know]

bilüü : whetstone [OM bileghü, cp. Tur bileghi]

bish : not [OM bisi]

bitüü : firm [OM biteghü closed < bite- stop]

biye : body; self [OM beye, cp. Man beye, Eve beye man, Kor p'ya bone, Jap hone, OJ pone]

bod : body [OM boda, cp. Tur boy size, stature, Kyr boy, OT *bod]

bodoh : think [OM bodu-, cp. Tuv boda-, Man bodo-]

bogino : short [OM bogani]

bogd : holy man [OM bogda]

bohir : dirty [OM bokir, cp. Jap hokori dust]

bold : steel [OM bolad, cp. Kyr bolot, Per polad]

bolgoh : make [OM bolga- < bol-; see boloh]

bolgon : each [OM bolgan < bol-; see boloh]

bolgoomzh : caution [OM bolgumdi < bolgu- be cautious]

bolih : cease [OM boli-, cp. Kyr biltir last year, Jap horobiru be ruined, perish, OJ porobi-]

boloh : become [OM bol-, cp. Kyr bol-]

bolor : quartz [OM bolur crystal, Per bolur, Gre beryllion]

booh : tie, wrap; bar [OM boghu-, cp. Tur bogh- strangle and boghul- choke, Kyr bu- tie, OT *bogh, Man fodo-, Eve bu- die]

bool : slave [OM boghul; see booh]

boortsog : pastry [OM boghursag, Chi]

boov : pastry [OM bobhu, Chi bobo]

bor : gray [cp. Tuv bora, Tur boz, Kyr boz, OT *boz, Man boro]

boroo : rain [OM borughan whirlwind, cp. Tur bora storm, Kyr boroon snowstorm, Kor pora, Jap furu fall, OJ puru, Gre boreas north]

borzhin : granite

bosgo : threshold [OM bosuga, cp. Kyr bosogo]

bosoh : rise [OM bos-]

botgo : young camel zool [OM botugun, cp. Kyr boto]

boyzhih : grow [see bod]

bödnö : quail zool [OM bödüne, cp. Kyr bödönö]

böglöh : stop [OM bögle- < *bög-, cp. Kyr bögöö dam, OT *bög-, Man bohi- tie up, Eve book- stop]

bögzh : ring, hoop [OM bögedi]

böh : wrestler [OM böke; see beh]

böh : hump [OM bökün, cp. Tur bük- bend, Kyr bökchöy- stoop, bük- bend, OT  *bük-]

böhiyh : dive [OM böki-]

bölzhirgönö : a berry bot [OM böldirgene; see zhimsgene]

bömbög : bomb [OM bömbügen ball]

bömbör : drum [OM bömbür]

böö : shaman [OM böghe, cp. Tur büyü witchcraft, magic, OT *büghü]

böölzhih : vomit [OM bögheldi-]

bööm : ball [OM böghem < *bögherme; see böör]

böör : kidney anat [OM böghere < *bögher round, cp. Tur böbrek, Kyr böyrök, OT *bögür-]

böörölzgönö : raspberry bot [OM bögheldirgene < *bögher-dirgene; see böör, zhimsgene]

böös : louse zool [OM böghesün, cp. Tur bit, Kyr bit, OT *bit and *büghe big spider]

bös : cloth, fabric [cp. Tuv pös, Tur bez, Ara buss and bazz, Gre byssos, Chi bu]

budaa : porridge [OM budaghan, cp. Kyr botko, Man buda]

budah : paint [OM buda-, cp. Tur boya-, Kyr boyo-, OT *boda-]

budan : fog [OM budang and budun]

buga : deer zool [OM bugu, cp. Kyr bugu, OT *bugu]

buguyl : noose [cp. Jap waku frame; see buguyvch]

buguyvch : bracelet [OM bugu, Kal buguupchi, cp. Tur bukaghi fetters, OT *bukaghu]

buh : bull zool [cp. Tur bogha, Kyr buka, OT *buka, Man buka]

buhaar : raw hide [from Bukhara]

bulaah : grab [OM buli- rob, cp. Eve buleen enemy]

bulag : spring, source [cp. Tur bulak, Kyr bulak, OT *bula spring forth]

bulan : corner; gulf [OM bulung, cp. Kyr bulung, OT *bulung]

bulay : disgusting [OM bulay and bulanggir dirty, cp. Tur bula- stir up, Kyr bulganch dirty, OT *bulka]

bulchin : muscle anat [OM bulting, cp. Kyr bulchung, OT *bulchung]

bulchirhay : lymph, gland anat [OM bultir and buldir]

bulga : sable zool [OM bulagan]

buligaar : leather [from Bulgaria, cp. Kyr bulgaari, OT *bulghar]

bum : hundred thousand num [Tib 'bum]

bumba : urn [Tib bum-pa]

burgaas : willow bot [OM buraga, cp. Man burgas forest]

burhan : Buddha [OM burqan, OT *burhan, Chi fut (Mandarin fo), Skt Buddha]

burtag : dirt [OM burtag]

buruu : wrong; left [OM burughu, cp. Tur bur- twist, Kyr bur- turn, OT *bur]

burzhiylgah : make curly [OM burdi-, cp. Kyr murut moustache, OT *burut < *bur; see buruu]

bus : not [cp. Tur bos empty, Kyr bosh, Chi bu not]

bus : another [OM busu]

bushuu : quick [OM busighu]

butrah : get ruined, crushed [OM butur-]

butsah : return [OM buti-, cp. Man mita-, Eve muchu-]

buu : rifle [Chi pao gun]

buuday : wheat bot [cp. Tur bughday, Kyr buuday, Jap mugi, Kor mil, SJap baku]

buuh : get off [OM baghu-]

buur : male camel zool [OM bughura]

buural : white-haired [OM bughurul, cp. Man burulu]

buuz : paté [Chi]

buyan : good deed [Skt punya merit]

buyuu : or [OM buyu]

buzhgir : curly [OM budigir, cp. Tur biyik moustache, OT *bidiq, Jap hige beard]

büdüün : thick, solid [OM bidüghün, cp. Tur büyük big, Kyr biyik high, OT *büdüq, Man bedun]

bügd : all [OM bügüd, pl. of bügü, cp. Kyr bügü]

büh : all [OM bükün]

bül : family [OM büle]

büleen : lukewarm [OM bülighen]

büleg : chapter, group [OM böleg, cp. Tur böl- divide, Kyr böl-, Kor muri herd, Jap mure crowd]

büleh : churn [cp. OT *pish- < *pil-]

bür : each [OM büri, cp. Tur bir one, Kyr bir, OT *bir]

büreg : dark [OM bürüg]

büreh : wrap [cp. Tur bürü-, Kyr bürkök cloudy, börk cap, OT *bür-, Jap fuku cover]

bürged : eagle zool [OM bürgüd, cp. Kyr bürküt]

büs : belt [OM büse, cp. Eve buse]

büteh : finish, complete [OM büte- < *büt-, cp. Tur bit- end, Kyr büt-]

büten : whole [OM bütün < *büt-, cp. Tur bütün, Kyr bütün; see büteh]

büü : not [cp. Kor mo]

büzhig : dance [OM büdi-, cp. Kyr biy, OT *bid-]

byalduuch : flatterer [OM bildaghuti]

byalhah : overflow [OM bilka-]

byalzhig : ring [cp. Tur bilezik bracelet, Kyr bilerik and bilek forearm, Tur bilek wrist, Eve bilen]

byamba : Saturday [OM bimba, Skt bimba Saturn, Tib spenpa]

byar : power [OM bira]

byaruu : calf [OM biraghu, cp. Tur buzaghi, Kyr muzoo, Eve beeru sheep]

byasaa : bedbug [OM bisa, Chi]

byaslag : cheese [OM bisalag < basilag, cp. Tur pis- cook, Kyr bish- ripen, Tuv bishtak cheese]

byatsahan : tiny [OM bitiken and bitiqan]





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Mongolian etymological dictionary compiled by andras rajki 2006 A

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