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    Chapter 9: Inside the Internet and the World Wide Web

    Chapter 9:
    Inside the Internet and the World Wide Web

    Multiple Choice:





    1. What was the department of the U.S. government that developed the initial stages of the Internet?

      1. Department of Commerce

      2. Department of Defense

      3. Department of the Military

      4. Judicial Department

    Answer: B Reference: ARPANET Pioneers Build an Unreliable Network Difficulty: Moderate

    1. In what decade was ARPANET developed?

      1. 1950s

      2. 1960s

      3. 1970s

      4. 1980s

    Answer: B Reference: ARPANET Pioneers Build an Unreliable Network Difficulty: Moderate

    1. ARPANET was funded by:

      1. the U.S. government.

      2. IBM.

      3. Microsoft.

      4. a group of interested scientists.

    Answer: A Reference: ARPANET Pioneers Build an Unreliable Network Difficulty: Easy

    1. The Internet is controlled by:

      1. the U.S. government.

      2. IBM, Intel, and Microsoft.

      3. no one in particular.

      4. the U.S. taxpayers.

    Answer: C Reference: Inside the Internet Difficulty: Easy

    1. The first users of the Internet were:

      1. universities and government research centers.

      2. computer companies.

      3. all U.S. universities and colleges.

      4. IBM and Microsoft.

    Answer: C Reference: Counting Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Much, or nearly all, of the cost of initially building and operating the Internet was supplied by:

      1. the largest computer companies.

      2. the U.S. government.

      3. U.S. research universities.

      4. personal users of the Internet.

    Answer: B Reference: Counting Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. TCP/IP stands for:

      1. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.

      2. Transmission Control Procedures/Internet Procedures.

      3. Translation Computing Procedures/International Protocols.

      4. Transaction Computing Printing/Internet Processing.

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Challenging

    1. Open standards refers to:

      1. standards not owned by any company.

      2. standards used by all countries.

      3. standards that are free to all parties.

      4. software programs running on different types of operating systems.

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Host systems of the Internet that use software to decide how to direct transmissions are called:

      1. servers.

      2. pathways.

      3. packet switching.

      4. routers.

    Answer: D Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Every host computer on the Internet has a(n):

      1. similar IP address.

      2. unique 15-digit number.

      3. unique IP address.

      4. common name and number.

    Answer: C Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Moderate

    1. The system that translates an IP address into an easier to remember name is the:

      1. packet-switching domain system.

      2. domain name system.

      3. domain.

      4. domain numbering system.

    Answer: B Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. All of the following are top-level domains EXCEPT:

      1. .com.

      2. .mil.

      3. .army.

      4. .org.

    Answer: C Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Easy

    1. All of the following are top-level domains EXCEPT:

      1. .coop.

      2. .net.

      3. .biz.

      4. .bus.

    Answer: D Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A recently created additional top-level domain name is:

      1. .pro.

      2. .plan.

      3. .business.

      4. .school.

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A URL can specify the IP address of the Web ____________ that houses a Web page.

      1. server

      2. client

      3. page

      4. e-mail recipient

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. In the e-mail address bowles@sou.edu, “bowles” is the:

      1. password.

      2. server name.

      3. user name.

      4. client computer.

    Answer: C Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. In the e-mail address bowles@sou.edu, “sou” is the:

      1. host computer in a business with the name “sou.”

      2. host computer in an educational domain.

      3. client computer in a commercial business.

      4. client computer in an educational domain.

    Answer: B Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Easy

    1. In the Web address www.casamexicana.com.mx, “mx” is a(n):

      1. country code.

      2. domain name for multiplex facilities.

      3. area of the U.S. Internet.

      4. server on the Internet.

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Easy

    1. Three basic types of connection to the Internet include all EXCEPT:

      1. direct connection.

      2. dial-up.

      3. broadband.

      4. direct satellite.

    Answer: D Reference: Internet Access Options Difficulty: Moderate

    1. T1 and T3 connections are considered:

      1. direct connections.

      2. dial-up connections.

      3. broadband.

      4. direct satellite connections.

    Answer: A Reference: Direct Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. If you are at home and do not have a direct Internet connection, you will most likely connect through a:

      1. server.

      2. modem.

      3. black box processor.

      4. coaxial cable.

    Answer: B Reference: Dial-up Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Telephone modem connections are also called ____________ connections, because they offer little bandwidth compared to other types of connections.

      1. narrow-width

      2. small-band

      3. narrowband

      4. skinnyband

    Answer: C Reference: Dial-up Connections Difficulty: Easy

    1. Broadband connections include all of the following EXCEPT:

      1. cable modems.

      2. satellites.

      3. telephone modems.

      4. DSL.

    Answer: C Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. DSL stands for:

      1. digital server lines.

      2. digital subscriber line.

      3. digits serviced per line.

      4. damaged service line.


    Answer: B Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Easy

    1. ____________ service was offered by phone companies in the 1990s; many believe it will soon be obsolete.

      1. ISDN

      2. Cable modem

      3. DSL

      4. Satellite connection

    Answer: A Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. All of the following are disadvantages of a DSL connection EXCEPT:

      1. it is fairly expensive.

      2. it can be complicated to install.

      3. it is only offered in some areas.

      4. it cannot share signals with a telephone line of voice traffic.

    Answer: D Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Cable modems use the same media as:

      1. the educational facilities in your area.

      2. your local Internet access provider.

      3. the telephone lines in your house.

      4. coaxial cables for television signals.

    Answer: D Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Wi-Fi technology refers to:

      1. wireless LAN connections.

      2. wires connecting a computer to the Internet.

      3. a drive on a laptop that connects to the Internet.

      4. the bandwidth of the server to which a laptop connects.

    Answer: A Reference: Broadband Connections Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A ____________ is a computer connected to two networks.

      1. gateway

      2. link

      3. server

      4. bridgeway

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Service Providers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Services or products that an ISP might provide include all of the following EXCEPT:

      1. an e-mail account.

      2. server space to post a Web page.

      3. technical help.

      4. assistance with Office software.

    Answer: D Reference: Internet Service Providers Difficulty: Easy

    1. In a client/server model, a client program:

      1. asks for information.

      2. provides information and files.

      3. serves software files to other computers.

      4. distributes data files to other computers.

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A university might have a(n) ____________ to manage the mail of students, faculty, and staff.

      1. email server

      2. client server

      3. email and URL address

      4. bridge

    Answer: A Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Easy

    1. FTP stands for:

      1. first transfer preference.

      2. file transactions and procedures.

      3. folder transfer and protocol.

      4. file transfer protocol.

    Answer: D Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. The World Wide Web was introduced in:

      1. the 1960s.

      2. the mid-1970s.

      3. 1991.

      4. 2000.

    Answer: C Reference: Inside the Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. URL stands for:

      1. unique resource locator.

      2. uniform resource location.

      3. unique representation location.

      4. uniform resource locator.

    Answer: D Reference: Web Protocols: HTTP and HTML Difficulty: Difficult

    1. The protocol used to transfer Web pages is:

      1. http.

      2. ftp.

      3. url.

      4. the path.

    Answer: A Reference: Web Protocols: HTTP and HTML Difficulty: Moderate

    1. HTML commands, such as

      , are known as:


      1. labels.

      2. tickets.

      3. browser requests.

      4. tags.

    Answer: D Reference: How It Works 9.1: The World Wide Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Web pages can be created using:

      1. any word processor.

      2. only Web authoring software.

      3. only Microsoft products.

      4. only Microsoft FrontPage or Macromedia Dreamweaver.

    Answer: A Reference: Publishing on the Web Difficulty: Easy

    1. Web authoring software includes all of the following EXCEPT:

      1. Microsoft FrontPage.

      2. Macromedia Dreamweaver.

      3. Adobe GoLive.

      4. Adobe Acrobat.

    Answer: D Reference: Publishing on the Web Difficulty: Easy

    1. To register a business name and create a unique URL, a business pays a fee and goes to:

      1. a domain name registry company.

      2. the Department of Commerce.

      3. the Department of Defense.

      4. Microsoft.

    Answer: A Reference: Publishing on the Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. An Internet diary or ongoing commentaries are known as:

      1. blogs.

      2. an intranet.

      3. plug-in.

      4. a cookie.

    Answer: A Reference: Publishing on the Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Downloadable software extensions that add new features to a browser are known as:

      1. plug-ins.

      2. cookies.

      3. search engines.

      4. frames.

    Answer: A Reference: From Hypertext to Multimedia Difficulty: Moderate

    1. The first step when creating a Web site should be to:

      1. write the program.

      2. use HTML to write the code.

      3. offer links to popular Web sites.

      4. start with a plan.

    Answer: D Reference: Screen Test: Building a Web Site Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Many experts believe that ____________ will eventually replace HTML.

      1. HTTP

      2. XML

      3. SML

      4. applets

    Answer: B Reference: Dynamic Web Sites: Beyond HTML Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A software robot that systematically searches the Web is a:

      1. search engine.

      2. Web rabbit.

      3. Weblog

      4. spider.

    Answer: D Reference: Search Engines Difficulty: Easy

    1. Yahoo!, MSN, and Netscape Netcenter are examples of:

      1. servers.

      2. bridges.

      3. Web directories.

      4. portals.

    Answer: D Reference: Portals Difficulty: Moderate

    1. ____________ is used when information is delivered to a client computer through a server at the client’s request.

      1. Pull technology

      2. Push technology

      3. P2P computing

      4. Peer-to-peer file sharing

    Answer: B Reference: Push Technology: Notifications and Alerts Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Using Napster to make music files from one hard drive available to others rather than posting on a central server is an example of:

      1. client/server sharing.

      2. server/client software downloading.

      3. LAN sharing.

      4. peer-to-peer file sharing.

    Answer: D Reference: Peer-to-Peer and Grid Computing Difficulty: Moderate

    1. An internal, self-contained, intraorganizational network is known as a(n):

      1. firewall.

      2. WAN.

      3. LAN.

      4. intranet.

    Answer: D Reference: Intranets, Extranets, and Electronic Commerce Difficulty: Moderate

    Fill in the Blank:





    1. ____________ is connecting different types of networks and computer systems.

    Answer: Internetworking Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Challenging

    1. TCP/IP specifications were published as ____________, meaning that they are not owned by any company or government.

    Answer: open standards Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Challenging

    1. When a message is sent through the Internet, it is broken into ____________ and then sent.

    Answer: packets Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Moderate

    1. An example of a(n) ____________ might be 192.168.17.22.

    Answer: IP address Reference: Internet Protocols Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Nonprofit organizations’ URLs typically end with ____________.

    Answer: .org Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Easy

    1. Internet addresses are classified by ____________.

    Answer: domains Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. The top-level domains for countries consist of ____________ letters.

    Answer: two Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Moderate

    1. All e-mail addresses consist of a(n) ____________ and a host address.

    Answer: user name Reference: Internet Addresses Difficulty: Easy

    1. PPP stands for ____________.

    Answer: point-to-point protocol Reference: Dial-up Connections Difficulty: Difficult

    1. DSL, cable modems, and wireless connections are classified as ____________ connections.

    Answer: broadband Reference: Internet Access Options Difficulty: Moderate

    1. ISP stands for ____________.

    Answer: Internet service provider Reference: Internet Access Options Difficulty: Easy

    1. A specialized server that acts as a post office for a particular Internet host is a(n) ____________.

    Answer: mail server or email server Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. When a user accesses a remote server and copies a file to her own personal computer, it is known as ____________.

    Answer: downloading Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. File ____________ saves a file into a smaller amount of storage space, therefore saving transmission time.

    Answer: compression Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A(n) ____________ server stores programs such as Microsoft Office and makes them available to client programs that request them.

    Answer: application Reference: Internet Servers Difficulty: Easy

    1. Tim Berners-Lee was the original developer of the ____________.

    Answer: World Wide Web Reference: Inside the Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. Http://www.sou.edu/business/ba131syl.html is an example of a(n) ____________.

    Answer: URL Reference: Web Protocols: HTTP and HTML Difficulty: Easy

    1. In the example http://www.sou.edu/business/ba131syl.html, everything after the last period or dot is known as the ____________.

    Answer: path Reference: Web Protocols: HTTP and HTML Difficulty: Moderate

    1. After an HTML document is written and then completed, it must be ____________ to a Web server to be viewable on the Web.

    Answer: uploaded Reference: Publishing on the Web Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A(n) ____________ is an Internet tool used to locate what a user is looking for.

    Answer: search engine Reference: From Hypertext to Multimedia Difficulty: Easy

    1. A(n) ____________ could be streaming transmission of radio or a concert.

    Answer: Webcast Reference: From Hypertext to Multimedia Difficulty: Challenging

    1. Small Java programs that are automatically downloaded onto a client computer are called ____________.

    Answer: applets Reference: From Hypertext to Multimedia Difficulty: Moderate

    1. A search string such as “universities AND Mexico BUT NOT New” is an example of ____________.

    Answer: Boolean logic Reference: Search Engines Difficulty: Challenging

    Matching:




    1. Match the following terms to their meanings:

    I. meta-search engine A. organized by subcategories

    II. directory or subject tree B. software robot that explores the Web

    III. boolean logic C. netscape Netcenter or Yahoo!

    IV. spider D. OneSeek or Sherlock

    V. search engine E. mustangs AND horses BUT NOT ford

    VI. portal F. helps you find what you’re looking for

    VII. cookie G. browser on client computer asks for information

    VIII. push technology H. information delivered from the Internet to the client computer

    IX. pull technology I. Web server delivery of small file stored on a client computer

    Answers: D, A, E, B, F, C, I, H, G Reference: Multiple locations Difficulty: Challenging


    1. Match the following terms to their meanings:

    I. extranet A. used for business transactions through an electronic network

    II. e-commerce B. specifications for ordering, billing, and payments

    III. intranet C. inside an organization

    IV. firewall D. helps prevent unauthorized use of computers

    V. B2B E. private network for certain customers, clients, and business partners

    VI. electronic data interchange F. transactions from business to another business

    VII. B2C G. e-commerce from businesses to the end-user

    Answers: E, A, C, D, F, B, G Reference: Intranets, Extranets, and Electronic Commerce
    Difficulty: Moderate


    1. Examine the following Web address and match each part to the meaning below:

    http://www.sou.edu/business/marketing/smithers/ba333/syllabus.html
    I. The entire address A. host computer

    II. http:// B. path

    III. www.sou.edu C. protocol for Web pages

    IV. business/marketing/smithers/ba333/syllabus.html D. URL

    V. /marketing/ E. subdirectory

    VI. .edu F. domain



    Answers: D, C, A, B, E, F Reference: Web Protocols: HTTP and HTML Difficulty: Moderate

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