• File and Print Sharing services Section Summary
  • Feature Table
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    Introduction


    Given the recent increase in corporate interest in the various UNIX and UNIX-derivative operating systems now on the market, and significant marketing on the part of Sun Microsystems for the Solaris 7 operating system, customers are asking how Windows NT Server 4.0 and Windows 2000 Server compare. This document examines the issues facing customers who wish to plan deployment of an enterprise network operating system. This document will compare the features of these operating systems in the following categories:

    • File and Print Sharing.

    • Networking and Communications.

    • Applications Servers.

    • Internet/Intranet Servers.

    • Management and Directory Infrastructure.

    Each deployment scenario will be covered in detail in this document. To make it easier for you to find information, each section uses one or more of the following subsections:

    • Section Summary –The goal of this section is to provide you with high-level understanding of the key differences in Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Sun Solaris 7.

    • Feature Table –This table provides an easy and efficient way to understand key differences in Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Sun Solaris 7.

    • Implementation Details – There will be a Solaris 7, Windows NT Server 4.0, and Windows 2000 Server Implementation Details section for each category.

    • Solution Details –Breaks down each solution and describes how it meets the fundamental customer requirements. This is where the most detailed information about each operating system can be found.

    • Comparison Summary –Describes the differences between the three operating systems in a specific technology or solution.

    File and Print Sharing services


    Section Summary
    File and print sharing services are important aspects of a network operating system. File and print sharing services implementations include the following:

    • File System.

    • Storage services.

    • Printer sharing services.

    In terms of feature-completeness, Windows 2000 Server offers more than the other two products. Its unmatched capabilities include a distributed file system (DFS), content indexing, dynamic volume management, a true hierarchical storage management services implementation, Web printing, Plug-and-Play printing, and advanced fault tolerance through Clustering Services.

    Compared with Solaris 7, Windows NT Server 4.0 easily matches Sun’s offering in some areas while falling short in others. However, Windows NT Server 4.0 comes out ahead of Solaris 7 because its file and printer sharing services are considerably less complicated. Windows NT Server 4.0 features a single architecture for both file and printer sharing and semi-standardized GUI-based management tools. Solaris 7 has multiple architectures for both file and printer sharing services and a mixed bag of command-line and graphical administration applications. Windows NT 4.0 is easier to administer and run on a daily basis, making it a better choice for the customer than Solaris 7.

    The file system management implementation of Solaris 7 has more standards support than Windows NT Server 4.0, but does not support critical functions such as undelete which are standard on Windows NT Server. In EAS 3.0, the Solaris Data Backup Utility has been dropped from the server. This change means that you must acquire a backup solution separately from the server.

    Solaris 7 also presents significant usability problems when it comes to managing volumes and file sharing. The tools in Solaris 7 lack integration, which makes finding the appropriate tool difficult. A combination of GUI-based administrative tools and command line actions are necessary to fully manage and configure storage and file sharing. Compared with Windows 2000 Server, Solaris 7 offers a similar level of features and functionality, but Solaris 7’s lack of integrated management tools becomes a more glaring defect.



    In the printing arena, Solaris 7 surpasses the features and functionality in Windows NT Server 4.0 and comes close to matching the capabilities in Windows 2000 Server. Previous versions of Solaris 7 lacked a powerful management tool. But Solaris 7 now comes with Solaris Print Manager 1.0, which allows you to install, view and manage printers anywhere on the network.

    Feature Table


    Feature

    Solaris 7


    Windows NT Server 4.0

    Windows 2000 Server

    File Sharing and Storage Services Features




    NTFS

    NTFS5

    Integrated Namespace Support







    File Compression







    Block Sub-Allocation/Adjustable Block Size







    Salvage/Undelete







    Spanning







    Mirroring







    3-Way Mirroring







    Duplexing







    Striping without Parity







    Striping with Parity







    HSM/RSM APIs







    Integrated Backup Software







    Native Property Sets







    Sparse File Support







    Volume Change Log







    Junction Points / Mount Points







    Distributed Link Tracking







    Disk Quota Support







    Self-describing Disks







    Online Disk Management







    Removable Storage Management







    Hierarchical Storage Management







    Disk Defragmentation Support







    I2O Support







    Fiber Channel Support







    IEEE 1394







    Distributed File System







    Integrated Load Balancing







    Integrated Replication







    Integrated Site Proximity







    Integrated Fault Tolerance







    Printer Sharing Services Features










    Directory Services Integration







    TCP/IP (LPD) Printing Support







    Internet Printing







    Print Server Clustering







    Image Color Management 2.0 API







    Plug-and-Play Printing







    Automatic Configuration







    Supports TCP/IP Print Servers







    Supports NetWare (IPX/SPX Print Servers)







    Supports DLC Print Servers







    (Black boxes indicate features included in the operating system.)
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