L. Ignatenko, Head of Ketkino-Pinachevskaya territorial community “Aleskam” and Union of Communities “Yayar” of Kamchatka Oblast
The public organisation “Aleskam” Community and the Kamchatkan Union of the Communities of Northern Indigenous Peoples of the North “Yayar” organised the third Salmon Festival “Let’s Help the River Avacha”. The festival was organised with the help of the indigenous peoples of Yelizovskiy Rayon, using traditional skills and knowledge of natural resource use. It formed part of the project “Establishing nature preservation posts” for sports fishing and camping for environmental and ethnographic tourism.
The Festival was opened on the 22August 2004, in the village of Razdolny situated near the River Kolokolnikova.
The aims of the Festival were attracting people’s attention to preservation of wild salmons, as well as environmental education of the population.
Welcoming speeches to the Festival were given by
Aleksandr Doroshenko, head of the Razdolny village administration,
Viktoriya Sharakhmatova, coordinator of the working group of the indigenous peoples of the North within the UNDP/GEF project “Preservation of Salmon Biodiversity and Sustainable Development in Kamchatka”,
Margarita Kulakova, head of the Salmon Museum of Yelizovo,
Irina Chigoshvili, coordinator of the project “The Living Sea”,
Aleksandr Kiyaykin, head of the Public Youth Organisation “The Komandor”, and
Viktoria Mikhailova (village of Milkovo), co-author of the project “Prevention of poaching through alternative employment of the population”, and head of the club “The Kamchadal”.
Besides the official part of the Festival, competitions were carried out and “The Oath to Salmon” was signed. The following exhibitions demonstrated the ways of traditional nature resource as an alternative to poaching, were organised together with the native enterprise “Association of Environmentally and Socially Responsible Producers of Non-wooden Products Using Kamchatkan Forest Resources”:
trade exhibition of souvenirs made by the Crafts School of the Children’s Public Organisation “Uykoal” of Yelizovo, headed by Nadezhda Slepchenko;
trade exhibition of crafts made of non-wooden forest materials – birch-bark, willow, and other traditional souvenirs – produced by the manufacturing firm “Producing and Procuring Organisation”;
tasting of food and drinks made of fern, berries and other forest plants.
The Foundation “Rare Fish Species and Biological Diversity”, Yelizovo, headed by Vyacheslav Zvyagintsev, sponsored the Festival. Our partners, The Kamchatka League of independent experts (head: Olga Chernyagina), and the director of the school of the village of Razdolny, Viktor Rimovich Li, helped us with transportation festival participants. The bulletin “We Are the People of the Salmon Country” was (“Pilot”, head: Dmitriy Panov); the bulletin “Reserve Area” and T-shirts were granted by the UNDP/GEF projects “Demonstrating Sustainable Conservation of Biological Diversity in Four Protected Areas of Russia’s Kamchatka Oblast” (head: Sergey Karmadonov), and “Preservation of Salmon Biodiversity and Sustainable Development in Kamchatka” (head: Sergey Sinyakov). Books were presented by the Northern Pacifica Foundation (head: Sergey Vakhrin).
We are very grateful to the local division of the Emergency Control Ministry (leader: Vasiliy Vasilievich Shevchuk) that always helps us with the field-kitchen. The fish-soup they cooked this year was very much appreciated by the Festival’s guests.
Members of the communities “Aleskam”, village of Razdolny, “Koyana”, village of Koryaki, “Lukichi”, village of Zelyony, “Diveevs’”, village of Nikolaevka, the indigenous enterprise, joint-stock company “Kronos” (head: Aleksandr Velitskiy), and Aleksey Bobryakov, a member of the city’s branch of RAIPON, helped us with preparations for the Festival, and provided it with fish, vegetables and even tents, models of chums, that are always very useful at such occasions.
Aleksandr, Iskandar Maqduniy (Sharq mamlakatlarida Iskandar, Iskan-dar Zulqarnayn nomi bilan mashhur) (mil. av. 356, Pella - 323.13.6, Bobil) - ma-kedoniyalik sarkarda va davlat arbobi. Makedoniya podshosi Filipp II va uning rafiqasi Olimpiadaning o‘g‘li.
We also would like to thank volunteers from the community “Aleskam”, the elder Gennadiy Ivanovich Koptsev, Nikolay Ignatenko, an artist and designer, Marina Timonina, Aleksey Vedyashkin, Vladimir Popov, Sergey Tkhor, Vasiliy Pavlusenko, Maxim Krivogornitsyn, - who not only helped us to prepare the place for the feast but also guarded the camp overnight.
Artist (frans. artiste - bilimdon; lot. ars, artis - kasb, hunar, sanʼat) - dramatik spektakl, kinoda rollar, ope-ra va balet partiyalari, estrada konserti va sirk nomerlari ijrochisi. Teatr va kinoda aktyor, aktrisa deb ham yuriti-ladi.
Special thanks to Yakov Pavlovich Bebko who facilitated the Festival with a diesel generator. On completion of the feast, a group of the community’s volunteers were tidying up the area, and it was a nice surprise when three of the guests from the city, who still stayed there, offered their help. They were provided with garbage bags and cleaned the place together with the volunteers.
Judging from the guests’ thankful responses, the Festival has been a success.
About legislative activities of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation edited by G. Diachkova from material presented by M. Appolon
We received a letter from Maria Nikolaevna Appolon, a member of the tribal community “Agya”, Koryakskiy Autonomous Okrug. She tells us about the goal of the establishing a community to protect indigenous peoples’ legal rights to lead their traditional way of life, preserve their culture, customs and traditions. She also asks us a question that certainly would be of interest to many. It concerns the practice of allocating quotas and licenses for personal and large-scale fishing and fur animal hunting, cooperation between indigenous peoples’ organisations and local authorities to establish social programs to fight unemployment and alcoholism, and to help young mothers, families with many children, and retired people. The questions raised in the letter are urgent and complex, so we ask our readers to tell us how they solve them in their regions and villages. We, in turn, tell you about the experience of indigenous peoples I terms of legislative and other activities in the Russian Federation. Taking into account peculiarities of indigenous peoples’ way of life, the Constitution of the Russian Federation singles these people out as a separate group and guarantees their rights in accordance with international legal regulations. The Russian legislation contains general regulations concerning the establishing of election districts in the areas of compact residence of the indigenous peoples with a necessary turnout of 30 %. There are also quota regulations for the election of representatives to legislative bodies of the regions of the Russian Federation and representative institutions of local self-government. There are regulations of rights of authorised representatives of indigenous peoples and their organisations to participate in decision-making processes concerning rights and interests of indigenous peoples, and of their right to control the fulfilment of such decisions.
It is known that RAIPON participates in discussing federal draft laws relating to the indigenous peoples of the North. The quotas for representatives are established for indigenous peoples to take part in regional politics in Russian: in election committees (Yamalo-Nenetskiy Autonomous Okrug), in legislative institutions (Republic of Buryatia, Nenetskiy, Khanty-Mansiyskiy and Yamalo-Nenetskiy autonomous okrugs). There are special bodies at the regional parliaments (Duma): Assembly of representatives of northern indigenous peoples (Khanty-Mansiyskiy Autonomous Okrug), Standing Commission on affairs of Nenets and other northern indigenous peoples (Nenetskiy Autonomous Okrug), Representative of the indigenous peoples of the North (Sakhalinskaya Oblast). Indigenous peoples’ organisations of Sakhalinskaya and Kemerovskaya oblasts, as well as Chukotskiy, Koryakskiy, Nenetskiy and Evenkiyskiy autonomous okrugs, have the right to forward legislative initiatives. In the Chukotskiy Autonomous Okrug, councils of indigenous peoples’ representatives were established at the okrug government, regional and municipal executive bodies to consolidate cooperation between the indigenous peoples and the government.
Despite RAIPON’s participation in the political sphere both in Russia and abroad, the indigenous peoples’ contribution to solving many vitally important questions is still very small both at the regional and local levels. This results from the lack of mechanisms to involve indigenous peoples in controlling of the observance of laws relating to themselves, as well as the lack of juridical knowledge among the indigenous peoples. The latter was proven by several research works, for example, those conducted in the Chukotskiy Autonomous Okrug in 2002. Therefore it is necessary to hold various seminars and workshops devoted to enable indigenous peoples to solve their problems together with the authorities.
During a workshop held in Moscow in 2003, various issues of parliamentarism were discussed, and the following recommendations for the regions of the Russian Federation were elaborated:
to include the legal norms in regulations of the legislative bodies to establish a procedure of involving indigenous peoples’ organisations and their representatives in discussions of draft laws, programs, and other documents;
to settle the procedure of the participation of indigenous peoples’ organisations and representatives in controlling of the observance of constitutional regulations, laws, and other legal acts;
to determine the status of indigenous representatives authorised to express the interests of the indigenous peoples in legislative bodies;
to conclude agreements between legislative and executive bodies and regional organisations on a range of problems and directions of activity;
to elaborate a system of regional laws to guarantee the indigenous peoples’ right to participate in decision-making by the authorities of the Russian regions, etc.
There are many problems to be solved urgently. It is therefore important that already existing experience and recommendations are use to establish certain mechanisms for realizing the rights and ideas of the indigenous peoples.
Maria Nikolaevna Appolon
Sovetskaya str., 42-6, Ossora village, 688700
Karaginskiy Rayon, Koryakskiy Autonomous Okrug
Phone: 47-3-48 The Editors ask the readers to respond and share their experience in dealing with the various problems. See also: Participation of Indigenous Peoples in Political Life of Circumpolar Countries. In: Collected Papers of the International Workshop “Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East, and the System of Parliamentarism in the Russian Federation: Reality and Perspectives”. March, 12-13, 2003, Moscow.
UN fellows from Arctic circumpolar countries attend Global Forum on Indigenous Issues in the Information Society, and the World Summit on the Information Society
Mary Leeds Stapleton, Managing Director, Arctic Circumpolar Route
“It opened the world to me”, says Roy Dahl, Member of the Pikangikum First Nation, and Northern Correspondent, Aboriginal Peoples Television Network in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. “We are not the only ones. Many others are seeking answers to best uses of information and communication technology (ICT)”, he added. Roy was one of ten indigenous professional journalists from around the Arctic Circle who were awarded United Nations Fellowships to attend the Global Forum on Indigenous Issues in the Information Society. The Global Forum was held in Geneva, Switzerland, in December 2003, in conjunction with the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). These conferences showcased every aspect of information technology and its uses, and indigenous groups attended from throughout the world. Others who won Fellowships included:
Madeleine Allakariallak (Inuit), Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada, CBC Commentator and Broadcaster in Inuktitut and English
Elizabeth (Sabet) Biscaye (Chipewyan-Dene), Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, Executive Director, Native Communications Society. NCS owns and operates CKLB radio and NCS TV producing weekly programming for the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network
Roy Dahl (Member, Pikangikum First Nation), Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada;Northern Correspondent, Aboriginal Peoples Television Network
Nils-Johan Heatta (Saami), Karasjok, Norway; Director of Saami Broadcasting in Norway. NRK Sami Radio is a subsidiary of Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK).
Nadezhda Mikhailova, Novokuznetsk, Siberia, Organisation of Indigenous Women of Siberia.
Ole-Isak Mienna (Saami), Kiruna, Sweden; Head of Saami Radio in Sweden, a division of Swedish Radio.
Zebedee Nungak (Inuit), Commentator, Speaker, Translator, and Politician, Kangirsuk, Nunavik, Canada (declined at his request)
Naja Paulsen (Inuit), Nuuk, Greenland; Head of Radio News, Radio Greenland;Teacher/Master, producer, The Greenlandic School of Journalism.
Shirley Adamson, Sabet Biscaye, and Roy Dahl, all from Canada, and Naja Paulsen from Greenland, addressed international participants on “Indigenous Peoples, Territorial-based Development and ICT: Challenges and Opportunities”; and “Traditional Indigenous Styles and Ways of Communication and Implications for Modern Technologies”. Their spirited presentation described the strengths and challenges of using information technology in an Arctic and northern context. Examples were given of successful approaches to multilingual broadcasting, aboriginal cultural content, and dedicated programming in all media. Canada’s and Greenland’s existing communications interested many other indigenous groups, many of whom are working in an environment which limits aboriginal peoples’ free expression of views.
Naja Paulsen described the accomplishments of Greenland in providing wide access to the Internet in small, isolated Arctic communities. To benefit all indigenous peoples, she suggested included multilingual media training involving the Greenland School of Journalism in Nuuk, where she is a teacher.
Nils-Johan Heatta addressed the Global Forum on Saami Radio’s proposed “intranet” to exchange programming among worldwide indigenous communicators. His vision includes expansion of services to northern Russia, which is at present without extensive access to electronic communication. Saami Radio, which he heads, presents regular programming in all Saami dialects in Norway, Sweden and Finland. The Saami have shown leadership in political and social cooperation across international boundaries for many years, and their example provided encouragement to groups now struggling with these issues.
Translation services were provided for all meetings, promoting vigourous discussions among representatives of all languages. Even those inexperienced in the use of the Internet acknowledged the potential of electronic communication to assist in conserving tradition while moving forward in education, health, governance, and sharing in the global Information Society. A concurrent Trade Show allowed participants to see such practical applications of ICT as an interactive African village, a mobile “Medivan”, and Japanese “high tech” developments for the future. “We could see ICT helping people to move forward on their issues”, says Shirley Adamson, General Manager, Northern Native Broadcasting, Yukon, Canada; “All this reaffirms what we’re doing in small organisations and small communities, with uncertain funding. It regenerates our enthusiasm and commitment.”
Inclusion of Arctic peoples did not come without major efforts on the part of many individuals and organisations. Even organisers from Geneva, an international centre, had to learn to deal with the costs and complications of travel from Arctic communities. Some who had received Fellowships did not receive the necessary funding in time to travel to the Summit.
As a result, a group of northern journalists formed the Arctic Circle of Indigenous Circumpolar Communicators (ACICC) to prepare for the second World Summit to be held in Tunis in 2005.
Tunis, Tunis Respublikasi (AlJumxuriya atTunisiya) - Shim. Afrikada joylashgan davlat. Maydoni 164,2 ming km². Aholisi 9,8 mln. kishi (2002). Poytaxti - Tunis sh. Maʼmuriy jihatdan 25 viloyatga bulinadi.
“This was the greatest step forward that we made, thanks to attending the Global Forum. We could meet face to face and shape an agenda for the future”, says Shirley Adamson. “We will have a say in the impact of the Internet, e-medicine, and e-commerce on our communities.” The ACICC has established a preliminary website (http://acicc.on.to) where information can be exchanged by communicators both within and outside the Arctic. ACICC will work to ensure that journalists are aware of the opportunity to share views, programming, and training opportunities. ACICC’s aim is to encourage local content and relevant programming reaching the smaller communities, as well as those which are now well-served. Control and regulation of the Internet and provision of services in remote areas can be monitored and developments communicated. Wider consultation will take place when ACICC has been formally constituted. In the meantime, Mary Stapleton has been appointed Facilitator, and can be contacted for further information. The Arctic Circumpolar Route, of which she is managing director, will continue to foster the sharing of information on successful Arctic community projects and the inclusion of Arctic peoples in international activities (See www.circumpolarRoute.org.)
“This forum expanded my horizon”, says Sabet Biscaye, Executive Director, Native Communication Society, from Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. “Talking to people from other countries made me realize what ICT really means. It was a stark reminder of how we in Canada are so privileged.” As an advocate for women, Sabet added that a lot of women who could really benefit from the Information Society do not have access to electronic communications, and as a result lack the skills to use it. “I recognised what we’re dealing with, and how far we have to go”, she stated. The Global Forum and the World Summit demonstrated the potential for Arctic inclusion in the Information Society of the Future.
Contact: Mary Leeds Stapleton
Managing Director, Arctic Circumpolar Route
Research Associate, Arctic Institute of North America
University of Calgary
Box 12, Site 7, R.R. 8
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2J 2T9
Tel. 1.403.931.2453; Fax 1.403.931.2454
e-mail: mary_stapleton@circumpolarRoute.org Internet: www.circumpolarRoute.org
The “Union of Reindeer Breeders of Yakutia” – a public organisation