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    Microsoft Windows 2000 Server


    Windows 2000 Chkdsk Management


    Microsoft Product Support Services White Paper

    Written by Elden Christensen

    Additional contributions by Terence Hosken, Wim van Wieren

    Published on January 2003



    Abstract

    This white paper contains information about the Chkdsk command-line utility. The Chkdsk utility creates and displays a status report for the disk and lists and corrects errors on the disk. The paper presents general information about how to use Chkdsk and specific information about how to use Chkdsk with Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Cluster.

    General (lot. generalis - umumiy, bosh) - qurolli kuchlardagi harbiy unvon (daraja). Dastlab, 16-a.da Fransiyada joriy qilingan. Rossiyada 17-a.ning 2-yarmidan maʼlum. Oʻzbekiston qurolli kuchlarida G.

    Some material in this white paper is adapted from Microsoft Knowledge Base articles and Microsoft TechNet articles (including material from other Microsoft books, resource kits, and other references).

    The information contained in this document represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented after the date of publication.

    This White Paper is for informational purposes only. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT.

    Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation.

    Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property.

    2002 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.



    Microsoft, Active Directory, Microsoft Press, Win32, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

    The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

    Contents


    Windows 2000 Chkdsk Management 1

    Microsoft Product Support Services White Paper 1

    Contents 3

    Introduction 1

    Introduction 1

    about CHKDSK 2

    about CHKDSK 2

    What Are My Options 2

    What Are My Options 2

    NTFS and File System Consistency 4

    NTFS and File System Consistency 4

    NTFS Transaction Log Recoverability 5

    NTFS Transaction Log Recoverability 5

    Cluster Remapping 6

    Cluster Remapping 6

    Chkdsk Phases 6

    Chkdsk Phases 6

    First Pass: Files and Folders 7

    Second Pass: Indexes 7

    Third Pass: Security Descriptors 7

    Fourth Pass: Sectors 8

    Running Chkdsk on a Stand-alone server 9

    Running Chkdsk on a Stand-alone server 9

    Run Chkdsk in Read-Only Mode 9

    Run Chkdsk in Read-Only Mode 9

    Run Chkdsk in Repair Mode 9

    Run Chkdsk in Repair Mode 9

    Chkdsk Syntax and Optional Command-Line Switches 10

    Chkdsk Syntax and Optional Command-Line Switches 10

    Using the /c and /i Command-Line Switches to Run an Abbreviated Chkdsk 12

    Using the /c and /i Command-Line Switches to Run an Abbreviated Chkdsk 12

    The /c Command-Line Switch 12

    The /i Command-Line Switch 12

    Autochk 13

    Autochk 13

    Prevent Autochk from Running 14

    Chkntfs 14

    Chkntfs 14

    Chkdsk and Server Clusters 17

    Chkdsk and Server Clusters 17

    How to Run Chkdsk on a Server Cluster 18

    How to Run Chkdsk on a Server Cluster 18

    If Handles Remain Open, or If the Cluster Contains a Single Shared Drive 19

    If Handles Remain Open, or If the Cluster Contains a Single Shared Drive 19

    Cluster Resource: Enhanced Private Properties 20

    Cluster Resource: Enhanced Private Properties 20

    Chkdsk Status Codes in the Cluster Log 21

    Chkdsk Status Codes in the Cluster Log 21

    Capturing Chkdsk Results for Server Clusters 22

    Capturing Chkdsk Results for Server Clusters 22

    Differences in Windows NT 4.0 22

    Differences in Windows 2000 Versions Earlier than SP1 22

    Differences in Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP1 and Windows 2000 Datacenter Server 23

    Windows 2000 Chkdsk Improvements 25

    Windows 2000 Chkdsk Improvements 25

    Chkdsk Performance improvements 26

    Chkdsk Performance improvements 26

    How Long Will Chkdsk Take to Run? 26

    How Long Will Chkdsk Take to Run? 26

    Variable 1: The “Indexes” Phase 26

    Variable 2: The Condition of the Volume 27

    Variable 3: Hardware Issues 27

    Variable 4: The Chkdsk Settings 27

    About Running Chkdsk in Read-only Mode 27

    Conclusion 29

    Conclusion 29

    For More Information 30

    For More Information 30

    Appendix 31

    Appendix 31

    How to Automate Chkdsk 31

    How to Automate Chkdsk 31

    FSUtil.exe 31

    FSUtil.exe 31




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